If you make the family tree or simply are interested in history of the family, you can address to documents of population censuses. They contain very detailed information on each family, a property status, education level and so forth. In Russia the first general population census was carried out in 1897. The first general population census of the Russian Empire was carried out as of February 9 (on January 28 on old style) 1897. It was organized under the leadership of the famous Russian geographer and P.P. Semenova-Tyan-Shanskogo statistics. Census considered three categories of the population: cash, constant, assigned (legal). However results were developed generally on the cash population. Census was strictly dated for a certain moment. The census program was very detailed. Schedules were distributed and filled in the village in 30-20 days, in the cities - in 10-5 days prior to day of census. On February 9-10 in rural areas counters collected the completed sheets and made to them corrections as of the critical moment. The program of census included 14 points In the form of this census the separate line in which answers to questions of census registered was allocated for everyone: 1. Imya.2. Family polozheniye.3. Attitude towards the head hozyaystva.4. Pol.5. Vozrast.6. Sosloviye.7. Veroispovedovaniye.8. Place rozhdeniya.9. Place propiski.10. Place zhitelstva.11. Native yazyk.12. Gramotnost.13. Zanyatiye.14. Physical defects. Instead of a surname, a name, middle names it was possible to call a nickname, and instead of one name – a little. Schedules escaped completely on the Tobolsk and Arkhangelsk provinces, and on another - or partially, or did not reach up to now. Generally they are stored in federal archives: in funds of the Main census commission, the Center of the Ministry of Internal Affairs statistical committee (since 1858 - 1917); and in regional archives - in funds of statistical committees. In the nineties the XIX century an attempt to copy the population of Sakhalin was made on own initiative by Anton Pavlovich Chekhov. He personally bypassed houses and filled thousands of census cards. Chekhov was the participant of census of 1897, directed group of counters in the Serpukhov district of the Moscow province.
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