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Family history: onomastics, antroponimika
|Very often the people starting being interested in history of the family confuse special terms and concepts. It no wonder: in istoricheskiy science a set of the definitions unfamiliar to the general reader.|
And so, if you want to learn not a family tree, and the origin of the surname or a name is simple, you need to bratitsya to very specific discipline under the name ONOMASTICS.
Onomastics - science about proper names of all types, about regularities of their development and functioning. Linguistic in the basis, the onomastics includes the historical, geographical, ethnographic, culturological, sociological, literary components helping to reveal specifics of the called objects and the traditions connected with their names that removes onomastics for a framework actually of linguistics and does by the autonomous discipline using mainly linguistic methods, which is closely connected with a complex of the humanities, and also sciences about Earth and the Universe.
Antroponimika (Greek 'person' + 'name'), the section of onomastics studying names of people (antroponima); their origin, evolution, regularities of their functioning. Antroponimom is told any proper name which the person is called: name personal (Ivan, Maria / Marya, Vanya, Manya); middle name (Ivanovich / Ivanych, Savelyevich / Savelyich, Ivanovna / Ivanna); surname (Ivanov, Ivanovsky, Ivanovsky); nickname (Hamster, Kuvshinny Snout, Aunt Loshad, Clumsy); a pseudonym (Iyegudiil Hlamida — M. Gorky, Cossack Lugansky - V. Dahl); nicknames (Dray-horse, Coba).
Each people have the unique history, culture … And surnames at each people as well as possible reflect ancient traditions and folklore, life and professional works, myths of ancestors and reality of their life.
You sometime reflected on the surname, what it? Unusual, rare, or on the contrary often meeting presently. Many people do not even suspect, what secrets are born by their surname, value of the surname wants to learn everyone. Many people were helped with life by such information as a surname origin, value of a surname and history of a surname. It is possible to learn a set of interesting information from the name of a surname, to learn the family tree where the surname who ancestors in a sort and other very interesting information which will leave nobody indifferent were arose.
According to scientists-antroponimistov, the Russian surnames can be divided into the following main groups:
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