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How to do a floor coupler by the hands
If you decided to lay a laminate, a parquet on a floor or want to put a ceramic tile on a floor, you already know that only the equal surface for this purpose approaches. For alignment of a surface of a floor it is accepted to do a coupler. It is possible to entrust the coupler device to the professional and to be quiet for result and the spent money. And it is possible, possessing a sufficient stock of time and patience, to save the considerable sum and to make a coupler the hands.
Couplers serve first of all for alignment of a floor, but they also have to maintain load of a floor. There are some types of couplers. The main are cement and sand and concrete. Besides, also dry (plaster), magnesite, angidridny, mosaic, epoxy and asphalt couplers enjoy popularity. The last novelty – the bulk floors made on the basis of ready mixes of cement, sand, softeners and fillers.
The coupler can be arranged directly on overlapping. Such coupler is called bezosnovny or rigid. If the coupler is arranged on a layer warm, gidro-or sound insulation, it is called "floating" or separate.
At a stage of preparation for a coupler, it is necessary to clear an overlapping surface of dust and garbage, to ground, and to close up all cracks dense solution. It is necessary to protect all walls and partitions indoors from moisture absorption. For this purpose it is possible to paste a roofing material strip on bottom edges of walls so that the upper edge of this strip acted 15 cm above than a level of future coupler.
Before works it is necessary to make a marking for determination of level of a coupler. If you have a laser level, the marking can be made with its help. And it is possible to apply also other way. It is necessary to make a mark in a wall in height, convenient for you, and by means of usual level (water) gradually to transfer this mark on room perimeter so that on each wall was on 2-3 marks. Having connected all marks straight lines by means of a ruler (meter), you receive zero level from which it is necessary to make a start during the work. Make some measurements from the level of marks to an overlapping surface. With their help you learn the maximum and minimum distance between marks and a surface.
It is recommended to read filling of a coupler from installation of "beacons". Boards can act as "beacons" or that is more modern, metal profiles which are attached to the basis by screws or by means of dense solution. "Beacons" establish at the necessary level, at distance no more than 1-1,5 m from each other.
Solution for a coupler in house conditions can be prepared in a basin or a bucket by means of the electric drill with a special nozzle mixer. Dense dough has to have a consistence of ready solution as. Do not prepare solution in advance, after all it is good for use no more than 1,5 hours.
Professionals recommend to begin the coupler device with the highest point. The stacked solution needs to be leveled and rolled the needle roller that solution laid down more evenly, and there were no air gaps. It is necessary to level solution on level. Oboprite level on two next "beacons" also level a surface until it becomes equal.
Remember that optimum temperature for works on a coupler is equal approximately 20°С. Indoors on operating time there should not be drafts. It is desirable to finish a coupler of one room or one level (when the coupler becomes in one room under different floor coverings) in one day.
If the coupler becomes in the big room, it is necessary to take care of special deformation seams which represent small gaps between massifs of a coupler. Deformation seams are filled after the main coupler. The ready coupler can crack if not to moisten it few times with water. For the second or third day after laying of a coupler it is necessary to take out beacons and to fill emptiness on their place with solution.
It is not necessary to start laying of a floor covering earlier, than in 30 days after performance of a coupler. So much time is necessary for cement to gain sufficient durability.
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