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Time conversion for winter time
|Last Sunday of October in many countries will put clock for an hour ago, having carried out transition to winter time. Why time conversion for winter time is necessary, will tell you Infoadvisor.net. |
The idea of possibility of time conversion for the purpose of economy of light day for the first time came to mind to the New Zealand entomologist George Vernon Hudson. Actively tried to realize it and Englishman William Uillet who is considered mistakenly as the only inventor of summertime. In 1905 early in the morning William passed through London. The sun shone with might and main, but the city still peacefully slept. Then William reflected, what most part of light day we spend for a dream. Uillet, the big fan to be in the fresh air, considered it as simply inconceivable expenditure.
In 1907 it published the article "About a Daylight Rastranzhirivaniye" in one of the British newspapers. In it he suggested to put every Sunday April clock for 20 minutes (in the sum by the end of month 1 hour 20 minutes was added to zone time), and in September to put clock back. But its offer was met enough cool, and in 1915 Uillet died of flu, without having realized it.
However on April 30, 1916 Germany became the first country which supported time conversion. It was the heat of World War I, and extension of light day at the expense of time conversion helped to reduce coal consumption. Her allies followed the example of Germany.
Soon other countries started putting clock also. In 1917 Russia, and in a year - the United States joined them. In Russia summertime called "decretive" because it was entered on June 1, 1917 by the decree of Provisional government. On December 22, 1917 the decree of Council of People's Commissars of RSFSR clock was put again - now for an hour ago. Till 1930 time conversion in the USSR was not made, and in 1930 a standard time entered again. On April 1, 1981 the Council of ministers of the USSR the Resolution entered time conversion on summertime. But transition was carried out not rather zone time, but rather decretive therefore the difference of summer and zone time in Russia made not 1 hour, but 2.
Now time conversion for winter time is made last Sunday of October (this year - on October 30). In spite of the fact that many of us put clock in the evening, going to bed, or in the morning when rise, there is accurate time of time conversion. In Russia until recently clock was put at 3 o'clock in the morning, in Ukraine - at 4 o'clock. The general time is necessary, in particular, to keep the train schedule - the night train which left on summertime will already arrive to the destination on winter, but according to the schedule. Clock was never put only in one organization - the Control Centre of Flights (CCF). Difficult settings of the computer system simply did not allow to make it therefore TsUP all the year round lived on winter Moscow time.
The main motive of time conversion for winter time - economy of the electric power. Transition to winter time allows to save about 2% of the electric power annually. Time conversion for winter time is made by the majority of the European countries, the USA, Australia, Paraguay, New Zealand, Chile, Brazil and some other countries. Do not use summertime and, respectively, the priekvatorialny countries, Japan, China, South Korea, etc. do not carry out the return transition to winter time.
In fact, "winter time" - the term informal, it called so by analogy with summer. Doing time conversion for winter time, people, in fact, come back by zone time, normal for their geographical position. However this expression already managed to take roots in language. To remember, how exactly put clock on winter and summertime, it is possible to use mnemonic reception, reduction of "BB OO" - "in the spring forward, in the fall back".
Round time conversion for winter time disputes do not cease. They say that it already especially does not help to save the electric power because it anyway very actively is used. They say that to an organism, especially children's, it is very heavy to be reconstructed after time conversion for winter time. They say that transition to winter time is favorable only to drug manufacturers because leads to problems with health. Much that says yes.
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