Recently people give the increasing preference to electronic media of information, but, contrary to forecasts, habitual paper books did not go out of use yet. Many people have the library - big or not really. In order that books served as it is possible more long and remained in perfect tune, the correct care of books is very important.
Care of books can be divided into some categories conditionally: storage of books, use of books and restoration of books. The correct storage of books is a pledge not only their safety, but also your health, after all anything so does not collect dust as books.
Care of books begins with a right choice of a place for their storage. First of all, books need to be touched, spread out on groups (on authors, - as to you it will be more convenient to genres, the size). Books which you will not read, postpone separately. You should not throw out them, it is better to give to local library - there will be glad to replenishment of fund. The shabby books which need mini-restoration, too postpone and be engaged in them then.
Books are afraid of direct sunshine therefore it is better to establish book shelves and racks perpendicular to a window. For lighting of the room it is better to use glow lamps: they will not damage to books. The correct care of books is also their correct arrangement. Volume cannot be put too densely. It is better not to put books in two ranks even if you want to save a place: the back row will have nothing "to breathe", and more dust will accumulate there. Getting the book from the shelf, do not take it for a back - it can tear. Books have to stand vertically. If on the shelf the place is not enough - watch that they did not stand at an angle.
Not to be confused in the library, place books on a certain order and make the catalog of books. The benefit, the computer allows to conduct it in electronic form therefore it is not necessary to allocate houses a place also under boxes with a card file.
Books are afraid of dust and dampness. Therefore it is better to store them not on open shelves, and in a case or on a rack with doors. For the same reason care of books provides regular airing of the room. Also books are afraid of a tobacco smoke. It is necessary to wipe books from dust 2-3 times a year, using for this purpose the vacuum cleaner and well wrung out damp rag. It is necessary to wipe and book shelves and if they are closed by glasses - to wash glasses. The best conditions for storage of books - temperature are 18-20 °C at 50-60% of humidity. If books after all dampened, air cases and wipe books soft dry fabric.
When reading too it is worth to remember about care of books. Always use bookmarks for books. It is impossible to apply foreign subjects to these purposes and especially to bend corners of pages. That when reading the cover was not soiled, wrap up the book in polyethylene or paper. It is impossible to take the book dirty hands, to read behind food. By no means it is impossible to pull out pages and to write on them, even with a pencil. It is best of all to read books on a firm surface. Do not try to open the book on all 180 degrees - cover can not sustain.
If to your book after all there was any trouble, it is worth remembering about the third component of care of books - restoration of books. Of course, professional restoration of books not in power, but to the ordinary reader such aspect of care of books, as removal of spots is quite subject to you. Spots of fat can be removed by means of gasoline or mix of gasoline with pounded soap or zhzheny magnesia. The fresh spot can be strewed with dry pounded chalk and to iron the iron through white paper. Spots move away from a rust by means of lemon acid. The mold is removed by means of liquid ammonia or 2-3% of solution of formalin, and the remained spot can be cleaned by means of hydrogen peroxide. Spots from fingers need to be wiped soap, then - a pure damp rag. The page has to dry between sheets of a tissue paper. Any spots need to be deleted carefully not to damage the text!
At care of books it is necessary to protect them from harmful insects. If you noticed that on book shelves uninvited residents were brought, collect books in plastic bags and fill in them preparations from a moth. In the started cases it is possible to use toxic chemicals. The remained spots can be removed from insects by means of spirit vinegar, 9% of solution of acetic acid or mix of glycerin and liquid ammonia (4:1 on weight). The wadded tampon is moistened in liquid, accurately wipe the polluted site, washed out warm water and dried between sheets of blotting paper under an easy press.
Restoration of the books which got under water is made as follows. The book is placed to the warm and dry room which is well aired. A code the book will dry up, but will not dry completely, it place under a press. The stuck together sheets accurately divide by means of a ruler, damp shift a tissue paper. In a day the sheets which were not in time to dry iron the iron through filter paper.
The rumpled pages of books iron the iron between sheets of white paper. The iron should not be hot! If the page tore, glue it a tissue paper.
That your books served you faithfully, the correct care of books is necessary. If after all something happened to the book, and you need to return it original state - restoration of books in house conditions will come to the rescue.
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