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Vegeto-sosudistaya dystonia: symptoms and treatment
| "vegeto-vascular dystonia" or, in abbreviated form, VSD put the diagnosis even to children today. What represents this disease? What symptoms of VSD? How to treat VSD? These and other questions will be answered by Infoadvisor.net. |
Vegeto-sosudistaya dystonia is a violation of work (dysfunction) of the vegetative nervous system (VNS). The vegetative nervous system is responsible for maintenance of internal balance in a human body, having impact on all bodies and systems of bodies. Violations of work of VNS are shown most often in the form of malfunction of blood circulation, digestion, heat exchange.
The term VSD is used in the practice only by physicians of the CIS countries, in the western countries the concept of vegeto-vascular dystonia is absent.
Vegeto-sosudity dystonia: reasons
The factors promoting development of VSD share on internal and external. Internal factors are the factors contributing to developing of a disease: congenital features of nervous system, periods of hormonal reorganization of an organism, disease of an internal, endocrine system, nervous system.
External factors of VSD are defiant factors, they provoke development of a disease under "suitable" conditions. Treat such factors: acute infectious diseases, acute and chronic stress, chronic intoxications, brain injuries, alcohol overconsumption.
VSD is shown by attacks paroxysms or symptoms have constant character. Constant symptoms are characteristic for VSD caused by congenital instability of nervous system.
Vegeto-sosudity dystonia: symptoms
It is possible to determine vegeto-vascular paroxysms (attacks) by the following clinical picture: a headache or pain in heart, the speeded-up pulse, heartbeat, increase of arterial pressure and body temperature. In certain cases attacks of VSD are characterized by the general weakness, dizzinesses, perspiration, nausea, lowering of arterial pressure and pulse rates.
Duration of an attack of VSD can reach from several minutes to two or three hours. In most cases similar attacks pass independently, without treatment.
The aggravation of constant VSD is shown by a sleep in fingers, prickings in extremities, a strong pobledneniye or on the contrary cyanosis of extremities. At the patient sensitivity to cold increases.
It is exact "vegeto-vascular dystonia" only the doctor can make the diagnosis. Vegeto-sosudistaya dystonia shares on 3 types, depending on reaction of cardiovascular system:
Existence at the patient of such symptoms as has to be the cause for concern: weakness, fatigue, violations of a warm rhythm (tachycardia, arrhythmia), feeling of a zatrudnennost of breath. These symptoms can signal about kardialny type of a disease.
At hypotensive VSD the low systolic arterial pressure (less than 100 mm Hg), muscular weakness, headaches, tendency to faints is noted. Skin of extremities damp, pale, extremities most often the cold.
Gipertenzivny vegeto-vascular dystonia is characterized by such symptoms: increase of arterial pressure in the absence of symptoms peculiar to a hypertensive illness, heartbeat, fatigue.
For VSD obvious functional violations of work of bodies and systems without violations organic are characteristic: subjective complaints of sick VSD prevail over objective manifestations.
Vegeto-sosudistaya dystonia: treatment
It is possible to cure vegeto-vascular dystonia, having only completely eliminated the reason which caused this disease. Besides, within the general treatment of VSD also treatment of concrete kardialny syndromes in each individual case has to be carried out.
At suspicion on vegeto-vascular dystonia it is necessary to address to the psychotherapist who will appoint necessary analyses and inspection then will make the diagnosis first of all.
Independent symptomatic treatment of VSD is dangerous, after all disappearance of one symptom does not mean full treatment. It is necessary to address for treatment to the doctor and strictly to follow his recommendations.
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