Asian hinged dolls, or BJD - a hobby, quite popular for the present moment, though expensive. At all not children, but adults - though, perhaps play such dolls, the word "play" in this case not absolutely pertinently.
The name BJD is an abbreviation from the English phrase ball-jointed doll which, actually, and means - a hinged doll. Such dolls are made of polyurethane though many mistakenly consider that of rubber, because the English name of this material - resin. This plastic inelastic, firm, to the touch reminds porcelain. The composition of polyurethane at different producers differs, and they try to keep it a secret.
Parts of a body of such doll connect by means of hinges which arrangement repeats an arrangement of the main joints of a human body. Details connect the elastic elastic band giving a necessary tension. At the expense of such design the hinged doll can give practically any pose. In spite of the fact that BJD have no rigid skeleton, they can directly stand.
The first hinged dolls were created in the 1930th years in Germany by the puppeteer Hans Bellmer and represented rather objects of art. The modern hinged dolls which subsequently received the name BJD started making in the early nineties in Japan.
There are main criteria which allow to carry this or that doll to BJD.
hinged dolls are made of polyurethane (resin)
mobility of a doll is provided by means of hinges
parts of a hinged doll connect by means of an elastic band
the head of a doll consists of two and more parts, eyes can be changed
BJD can be dressed in clothes and are put
on the head of a doll there can be a wig
hinged dolls assume customization (opportunity to change separate sculptural and cosmetic elements of a doll)
The sizes of hinged dolls fluctuate from 9 to 90 cm. Depending on the BJD sizes share on some groups.
Tiny - height is 9-19 cm
Small - height is 20-39 cm
MSD - height is 40-49 cm
SD - height is 50-69 cm
70+ - height is 70 cm and more
At different producers the sizes and proportions of a figure of hinged dolls can differ, and some producers of BJD use the marking of the sizes. But fans of hinged dolls prefer to use uniform system of the sizes to avoid confusion.
Hinged dolls - hobby not from cheap. The most inexpensive doll will cost to you approximately $200, and the price of the limited BJD can reach $1000. High price of hinged dolls is quite justified - all of them are cast manually on the special equipment. Models of dolls are usually created by professional sculptors. At lower prices creation of BJD simply would not pay off.
Ordering a hinged doll in the producer, you can choose a doll complete set.
The basic complete set (nude, basic) is so-called mold, a basic doll. To you there will arrive only the collected body and the head of a doll. Clothes, footwear, a make-up are not included in the basic package. Some firms do not include in a basic complete set of an eye and a wig, some - include (the truth, without giving to the buyer the chance independently to choose color of eyes and a type of a wig). If you need a doll with already ready make-up - you can order it for an additional fee.
The full set, or fullst (fullset) represents the doll with a make-up, eyes, a wig which is already dressed and even, perhaps, put. The order of a totality is a good start for the beginner, but skilled owners of hinged dolls usually choose a basic complete set to alter a doll voluntarily and to make it unlike other representatives of the same mold.
The limited edition (limited edition, a limitka) represents a doll which is released limited circulation. Such dolls are sent in a full complete set, as well as fullst, the footwear is included in the package and is frequent - additional accessories. Some firms suggest to order also the "sleeping" head at which are closed or poluprikryta of an eye, but it is necessary to pay for it in addition. Limited circulation unusual hinged dolls (for example, dolls centaurs) or so-called minim (from English mini me - pass I) - BJD representing tiny copies of the well-known people can be issued.
It is possible to order the doll head of one firm, and a body - at another, but thus it is necessary to be attentive - the head has to approach a body, and skin color has to resemble as much as possible. Among additional services which are provided by producers of hinged dolls at additional expense, it is possible to mention painting of a body (blushing), a make-up (make-up) and polishing of seams (sanding). But all this can be made the hands or to entrust more skilled owner of dolls.
Some manage to make a hinged doll the hands. It is rather labor-intensive process demanding patience and assiduity. There are special courses on creation of hinged dolls the hands. Some masters who have experience of creation of hinged dolls the hands, share with it on the Internet, spread the whole master classes and tyyutoriala.
But even if you do not think that will be able to make a hinged doll the hands, you have an opportunity to make BJD ordered in the producer unique. Change of eyes and a wig, an original make-up, clothes footwear, piercing and tattoos are capable to make even two representatives of the same mold absolutely unlike at each other. Many owners of dolls sew for them clothes and footwear, make wigs.
What to do with a hinged doll? It is your choice. Can use it as the model, can put on a regiment and admire, can play with it (after all BJD are initially conceived as game dolls). Owners of hinged dolls unanimously admit that this acquisition introduced in their life a little bit of pleasure and a variety.
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