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Autonomous systems of heating
|/img >/img src="//images/stories/tip/renovation/autonomous-heating_small.jpg" alt="Autonomous systems of heating" align=left title="Автономные системы отопления" />Autonomous systems of heating become more popular and more popular. Autonomous heating in the apartment or the house will allow you not to depend on system of a central heating and to maintain in your dwelling temperature, comfortable for you. |
Autonomous systems of heating are intended for supply of premises with heat and hot water. Advantages of autonomous systems of heating before a central heating are obvious: you can switch on and off heating when want, temperature in all rooms you too regulate, and availability of hot water in the house does not depend on municipal services. But installation of autonomous system of heating needs to be coordinated with municipal services and to get special permission. It is authorized to install autonomous systems of heating not above the 10th floor.
The autonomous system of heating consists of a copper, batteries for heating, pipes (highways), various fittings (gates, cranes, latches) and the pump equipment. The central part of autonomous system of heating is a copper in which water heats up. Coppers happen one-planimetric and double-circuit. The one-planimetric copper serves only for heating of the room, and the double-circuit copper also heats flowing water. Each type of coppers has advantages and shortcomings. The double-circuit copper is convenient to that with it you have both an autonomous heating, and hot water but if it fails - you will not have neither that, nor another. The one-planimetric copper can be combined with a broad tank for water heating, but such combination will be more expensive than a double-circuit copper.
Double-circuit coppers are suitable for heating of rooms of rather small area - city apartments and private houses up to 200 sq.m. For heating of the bigger room it is better to use a powerful one-planimetric copper, having combined it with a boiler for water heating.
Coppers of autonomous systems of heating happen floor and wall. The wall copper will be suitable for the city apartment: it can be hung up, say, in kitchen, and it will not take a lot of place. But if you in the house have a utility room, can put a floor copper there.
As fuel coppers share on gas, electric, is firm - both liquid-fuel and combined. It is worth choosing fuel type, proceeding from its price and availability. Gas coppers the most economic: the gas pipeline is practically in any apartment, and gas - very cheap type of fuel. Heating by means of electricity - an environmentally friendly type of heating, at it there are no products of burning and exhaust gases. In strongly - and liquid-fuel coppers use firewood, coal, diesel fuel. Fuel for such coppers needs to be prepared in advance, but they are suitable for districts in which there are interruptions in gas and electricity. The combined coppers allow to pass from one type of fuel to another, for example, from gas - on coal. Such coppers will help you not to remain without heating and hot water in case of various accidents.
Autonomous systems of heating are supplied with system of automatic equipment. It is system promotes ensuring safe work of a copper and helps to maintain in the house optimum temperature automatically. Some systems of automatic equipment for work need electricity, to some - no. Many autonomous systems of heating are equipped with sensors of room temperature - such sensor operates work of a copper, based on air temperature in the room. Many coppers for autonomous heating have function of the lowered work: the copper works at full capacity in the morning and in the evening when owners are at home. In the afternoon when owners at work, and at night when they sleep, the copper passes into the mode of the lowered fuel consumption.
Power of a copper is defined at the rate of 1 kW on 10 sq.m of the area of the room. Can add to the received sum 10-20% just in case. Power of a double-circuit copper has to be not less than 21 kW since it serves also for water heating. Two modes of power are provided in double-circuit coppers: for heating of the room and for water heating. The double-circuit copper works at full capacity only when heating water.
Choosing a copper, pay attention that it has to be legal. Legality of a copper for autonomous system of heating is supported by existence of a number of the documents:
Lack of autonomous systems of heating - their low self-sufficiency. The autonomous system of heating with a gas copper will pay off at best in five years. But nevertheless advantages of autonomous systems of heating outweigh shortcomings, and more and more people refuse a central heating in favor of the autonomous.
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