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| Ability to lie – one of distinctive features of the human race. The psychology of lie is studied by many scientists-psychologists of the whole world here many years, but to these the means allowing to give the absolute answer are not found: the person lies or not.|
Many books, including the sensational book of the well-known professor of the same name of psychology of the Californian university Paul Ekman are devoted to psychology of lie. The psychology of lie considers the lie mechanism, manifestation of lie in the speech, gestures, a mimicry of the person, studies the reasons inducing the person to lie. Certainly, one of the most interesting directions of psychology of lie is search of means for identification of lie and deception.
Most of scientists agrees in opinion: there is no such person who could hide the truth for all 100% – simply to eat the people who are not noticing manifestations of lie. And meanwhile the knowledge of fundamentals of psychology of lie is just necessary in the world of modern business, with its tough laws and rules.
Let's cite as an example some typical signs of lie which will help to reveal, whether the person tells the truth.
So, the liar is given out very often by his eyes. That the "running" eyes is almost direct signal of lie, school students know, probably, even. But here that pupils of eyes react to lie on the special, not so wide range of people knows.
It is impossible to operate the pupils, and therefore their expansion or narrowing, depending on the tested emotions, gives the liar away. For example, if the person tests pleasure, positive emotions - his pupils extend, and at negative emotions pupils, on the contrary, are narrowed.
Therefore it is useful for interlocutor to look attentively in eyes and to notice: whether so he is glad how speaks about it? And the interlocutor by a sluggish voice can argues on the business offer, and his eyes already "lit up"?
It is possible to find signs of lie and on gesticulation of the interlocutor. The person who lies, involuntarily brings a hand to a mouth, as if trying to keep inveracious words.
If the interlocutor covers with a hand of companies, the thumb is pressed to a cheek is one of the most strong indications of lie. Less noticeable sign – a pochesyvaniye or stroking of the nose. Can testify to lie also potirany centuries.
The lie is capable to cause the easy itching feelings in face muscles and necks. Often the persistent desire of the liar to scratch a nose, to delay a collar of a shirt or to weaken a tie is also explained by it.
The scientists studying lie psychology are inclined to believe that it is possible to check sincerity of the person, looking at the left side of his face. The matter is that for intellectual activity and the speech the left cerebral hemisphere, whereas is responsible for emotions, imagination and touch activity – right.
It is known that the right cerebral hemisphere operates left "half" of the person. For this reason on the left half of the face it is more difficult to emotion to control. And the greatest difference is observed at manifestation of negative emotions – positive by both "half" of the person are displayed equally.
How to distinguish lie, knowing these features? If the person lies, his hidden true emotions can "break" outside on the left side.
In lie psychology besides a mimicry of liars also the movements of their extremities, characteristic poses are studied. So, if the person tells the truth, his mimicry and gestures are synchronous, otherwise the person at first reproduces gesture, and already then a mimicry.
The person telling a lie cannot remain sitting on one place. He tries to "umostitsya" on a chair or a sofa, fingers buttons, touches small subjects in hands. The smoking liars over and over again get a light, "four-eyes" - continually wipe the glasses.
Defining the above-named signs of lie in each case, it is necessary to remember that some gestures, the movements of eyes, poses can be only specific features of each specific person. Moreover, the result of definition of lie will be more exact if to estimate not its separate signs, but their set.
Therefore experts in psychology of lie advise to pay attention: whether so suspicious behavior for the interlocutor is characteristic? One business if the interlocutor – the lefthander and gestures by the left hand are habitual for it. Absolutely differently the situation when the person right-handed person suddenly starts gesticulating actively the left hand looks is an occasion to reflect.
Besides, experts in psychology of lie recommend to be open-minded also about the interlocutor, without accusing him of lie only because he something had not on temper.
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