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Rules of soccer for "teapots"
| Soccer – one of the most beloved sports of the whole world. Modern rules of soccer are accepted by the International Council of Football Associations (IFAB) in 1998 and since then are only exposed to minor changes. |
The last edition of "Rules of the game in soccer", of July 1, 2008, contains 17 main points:
Let's dwell upon some of them.
Play soccer on a special platform – a football field. This field has a rectangle form, its length and width are regulated by rules. The covering of a field can be natural and artificial. As a natural covering of a football field the special grass is used. As an artificial covering "carpet" from synthetic material of green color serves.
The football match consists of two times for 45 minutes between which there is a break which is not exceeding 15 minutes. 90 minutes of a match are called as the main playing time. In the main time also the various delays connected with violations of the rules of game or injuries of players are set off.
On the termination of the main playing time of the referee (football referee) can fix the added time to compensate losses during the main time.
The main structure of each team includes 11 people. Each player can have functions: defender (bek), halfback (midfielder), forward (forward). The goalkeeper (goalkeeper) – the player protecting gate is separately allocated. The form of the goalkeeper differs from a form of other players of both commands and from a form of judges of a match.
During a match each team has the right to replace any of the players spare. In the international matches or matches of national federations the maximum number of replacements is equal to three, in matches of national leagues – no more than 6.
Replacement of the player is allowed during a game stop, only from the average line of a field (the line which halves a field). The list of players of replacement of team has to be provided to the judge prior to a match.
The main task of team – to score a goal to the opponent and to protect the gate from the heads. If the team scores a goal in own gate, such goal is called as an autogoal. The autogoal, except for some cases provided by Rules is set off.
In soccer players conduct a ball only feet. It is also allowed to accept headings or a breast, but not hands. It is allowed to take a ball in hand to the goalkeeper after the scored goal or to the player at a ball throw-in.
Blows to a ball can be free, angular, penal, from gate. Corner kick and blow from gate are ways of renewal of game. Corner kick is carried out in case a ball, the last time having concerned the defender of team, crosses the line of gate (on the ground or by air), but thus the goal is not scored. The ball for corner kick is established in the angular sector designated by a flagstaff and a special marking.
Unlike corner kick, the blow from gate is carried out if the ball crosses the line of gate, having concerned the last time of the player of the attacking team. For performance of this blow the ball not movably is established in any point of the area of gate.
Penal and free blows are appointed as penalties for any violations, for example, for blows of the rival a foot, for footboards, for the rival's pushes, etc.
Also violations of the rules of game can be punished by the prevention with display of a yellow card or removal with display of a red card. The yellow card punishes unsportsmanlike behavior, expression of disagreement with decisions of the judge, systematic violation of the rules.
The player leaves from a field after obtaining the second prevention with display of a yellow card, and also in cases if he is guilty of serious violation of Rules of the game in soccer, aggressive behavior if it offends by words or gestures rivals and the judge.
Following the results of a football match the winner is defined. The winner of a match the team which hammered bigger number of the heads appears. If the number of the scored goals identical, a match admits drawn.
In certain cases, when teams are played "on a departure", the neutral result should not be. Then on the end of the main time it can be appointed additional times for 15 minutes or a series of a penalty.
The penalty is a special blow from an eleven-meter mark to the opponent's gate which are protected only by the opponent's goalkeeper. Performance of a penalty is carried out strictly according to the rule of 14 Rules of the game in soccer.
The penalty is awarded if the player made any of violations which is punished by penalty kick in the penalty area. The ball thus has to be in game, i.e. to be within a field.
Situation "off side" or an offside – a special situation in soccer. According to the rule of 11 Rules of the game in soccer, the player admits situation "off side" if it is closer to the line of gate of the rival, than a ball and the penultimate player of the rival (including the goalkeeper). The goal scored from an offside is not set off.
Purpose of an offside – the most disputable situation in soccer. The offside is fixed by visually lateral judge therefore often the offside is challenged by team players. The offside in itself is not violation if only the player who is in an offside does not prevent to play to the rival, does not interfere with game and if does not get advantage thanks to an offside.
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