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FIFA World Cup 2010
| Fans of the whole world nestled to screens of the TVs – in the heat the FIFA World Cup which in present, 2010, takes place in the Republic of South Africa. The championship started on June 11. |
Already the 19th FIFA World Cup and for the first time it takes place it on the African continent. 32 teams from which 13 teams represent Europe participate in the championship, 6 – Africa, 5 – South America, 4 – Asia, 3 – the Central and North America, 1 – Oceania.
Europe in the championship is presented by English national teams, to Greece, Denmark, Italy, Spain, the Netherlands, Portugal, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, France and Switzerland. South African national teams, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Nigeria, Cameroon and Algeria represent Africa.
For Asia play the national teams of North and South Korea, Japan and Australia which left OFK (Confederation of soccer of Oceania) in 2006 and joined AFK (Asian confederation of soccer). For Oceania the national team of New Zealand plays.
South America in the championship Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Chile and Uruguay represent, North America – the USA, Mexico and Honduras.
The FIFA World Cup 2010 is hosted by nine cities at ten stadiums: Bloemfontein, Cape Town, Durban, Johannesburg, Nelspruit, Polokvane, Port Elizabeth, Pretoria and Rustenburg.
The official opening ceremony of the FIFA World Cup 2010 took place at Soccer City stadium in Johannesburg. The final of the championship will take place at the same stadium on July 11.
The very first FIFA World Cup took place in 1930 in Uruguay which became the first world champion in soccer. In total took part in tournament 13 assembly and therefore the only time in the history of the FIFA World Cups there was no need for carrying out qualifying tournaments.
Today carrying out qualifying or qualification tournaments – an obligatory stage of the FIFA World Cup. The teams divided into groups on the zone principle according to representation in regional federations of FIFA (the International Federation of Soccer) take part in selection competitions:
The number of places for each region in final tournament of the FIFA World Cup is defined by FIFA according to a soccer level of development in the region. Since 1938, the country organizer of the championship automatically reaches the final of tournament, being freed from participation in selection competitions.
Selection round of the FIFA World Cup will read almost in three years prior to final tournament and more than two years last. Competitions are held in each region and their format can strongly differ depending on the region. Except internal regional matches often fight for the right of getting into the final of team also in intercontinental butt matches.
204 teams took part in selection round to the FIFA World Cup 2010: 53 European, 43 Asian, 51 African, 35 North American, po10 teams of South America and Oceania.
Final round of the FIFA World Cup consists of two stages. The first is a group tournament. All teams-participants of the championship are broken into 8 groups on 4 national teams in everyone. The structure of groups is chosen by lot by certain criteria. 8 teams which become the first numbers in groups, are called "seyanny". Other 24 teams are divided into three "baskets" from which teams on one get to each group. Selection criteria of teams are quite difficult and urged to counterbalance structures of groups.
In each of eight groups tournament from three rounds is held, and matches of the last round are played at the same time to exclude possibility of falsifications. For each victory in a match teams-participants receive on 3 points, for a draw – on 1 point. The first two teams in group which gathered the maximum quantity of points leave in 1/8 finals. Thus, in 1/8 16 teams take part.
Further final tournament takes place by the principle of an elimination (playoffs): the lost team leaves the championship. In playoffs matches if upon termination of the main time of game the account remains neutral, the judge fixes an extra time. If in an extra time the winner was not defined, a penalty series is awarded.
In a quarterfinal there are winners of matches of the 1/8th in whom winners of each of groups of the first round meet the second teams from other groups. Winners of a quarterfinal leave in a semi-final, then winners of a semi-final – in the final.
The winner of the final become the world champion in soccer and it is awarded by the World Cup which will be stored at them to the following championship. Also the winner is awarded by gold medals and a monetary prize. The second team finalist receives small gold medals (gilded) and also a reward. Between the teams which lost in semi-finals the third place for which the winner team receives silver medals is played. The fourth team receives bronze.
Such principle of remuneration was entered in 1966 and exists still.
Especially for the FIFA World Cup 2010 Adidas company developed the Jabulani ball which consists from 8 3D-shaped, spherical EVA and TPU of panels which are cast together and ideally harmoniously cover an internal framework of a ball.
The official mascot of a WC on soccer 2010 chose a yellow leopard with green hair, the inscription on which t-shirt says "SOUTH AFRICA 2010". The combination of flowers is chosen not incidentally, after all green and yellow colors are colors of a national team of the Republic of South Africa. A leopard call Zakumi. This name is formed from a combination of letters of "ZA" – the international alphabetic Republic of South Africa code and the word "Kumi" meaning 10 in many African languages.
On July 11 the FIFA World Cup 2010 came to the end with a Spanish national team victory. On the 116th minute of a match the only goal in gate of the Netherlands was scored by Andres Iñesta, as brought to Spain the World Cup.
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