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First aid at food poisonings
| In the summer, more than ever, the quantity of various food poisonings increases. Both dirty hands, and dirty fruit which generously pour down various chemicals, and hot weather at which even the most qualitative products quickly spoil are guilty of it.|
All food poisonings can be divided into two groups conditionally:
Actually food poisoning comes owing to the use in food of toxic or toxic agents. Here it is possible to refer the use of poisonous mushrooms and berries, and also the use of the products processed by chemicals. Besides, food poisonings cause products which start decaying. The toxins emitted at this process are extremely hazardous to health or even of human life.
Food toksikoinfektion cause the products infected with specific microorganisms which in the course of the activity allocate substances, poisonous for the person. So, the salmonella and opportunistic flora most often provokes food toksikoinfektion. Opportunistic bacteria, fungi under usual conditions are harmless, but under the influence of external conditions, for example, at decrease in immunity, they become pathogenic and damage health of the person.
It is known of methods of prevention of food poisonings long ago. It is necessary to wash surely hands before food. Vegetables, fruit and berries even if from the site, it is also necessary to wash carefully! Choosing products in the market, it is necessary to study quality of a product very attentively. Whether it is delayed? Whether there are signs of the beginning rotting or fermentation? Whether the characteristic smell or it "with a musty smell" has a product?
In the summer when begins the mushroom time begins, food poisonings mushrooms is very widespread phenomenon. Not to poison with mushrooms, first, it is necessary to gather only 100% edible fungi, and secondly, it is necessary to do it only in environmentally friendly places. A mushroom glade under chemical plant – not the best option.
Mushrooms should be used in the minimum quantities, and in general it is better for children not to give them, after all mushrooms are very hard acquired by an organism and can cause disorder of digestion.
How to distinguish food poisoning?
The first symptoms of food poisoning can be shown as in 20-30 minutes after the use of a product in food, and through 5 or even 10 hours are depends on a type of the toxin which caused poisoning. Usually food poisoning is followed by nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach and intestines pains. At the patient temperature can be also increased.
Strong and dangerous poisons as, for example, poison botulin, caused by a botulinistichesky stick, are capable to strike nervous system. Sight can be weakened, before eyes of the patient there is a fog, at the patient breath because of paralysis of muscles of respiratory system is complicated. Further there can come paralysis and other muscles. If botulin not to remove from the patient's organism in time, there can occur the death.
Botulin contains most often in expired canned food where in the oxygen-free environment the botulinistichesky stick develops this poison. Therefore it is strictly forbidden to eat canned food expired or with the blown-up cover!
How to give first aid at food poisoning?
The first that it is necessary to make at food poisoning is as fast as possible to exempt a stomach and the victim's intestines from poison. For this purpose surely it is necessary to make injured washing of a stomach, to cause in it vomiting, to make an enema.
The patient should give absorbent carbon at the rate of 1 tablet on each 10 kg of weight of the victim. To repeat reception of absorbent carbon each 2-3 hours until coal does not appear in the patient's chair.
The patient needs to give warm plentiful drink and laxative, to wrap up and warm him. It is recommended to refrain from meal before full removal of toxins from an organism.
Whether it is necessary to call "ambulance"? Often at house food poisonings dirty fruit, for example, or sour soup, the doctor is not called, considering that it is possible to cope with the illness self-treatment. However in this case it is possible to miss important symptoms of strong poisoning that can cause serious consequences.
At any suspicions on poisoning with mushrooms, chemicals or botuliny it is necessary to call immediately "ambulance" - every minute of delay can cost to the patient life! Also surely it is necessary to call "ambulance" or at least the doctor if injured is a child or the elderly person.
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