How to store house apples — councils of skilled gardeners
Each gardener uses the technique of storage which not always is successful. It seems that everything is made correctly, but winter grades for some reason cannot dolezhat even till New Year's holidays, spoil. The reasons there can be a set: apples are collected illiterately, badly prepared for storage or were incorrectly stored. How to store apples this article.
Preparation of apples for storage
That fruit was long stored and presentably looked, they need to be prepared competently. After harvesting skilled gardeners recommend to leave apples for 48 hours per shadows or the cool room for cooling. The cooled-down fruit will lie much more long. After that they need to be sorted not only on a grade, but also the size (small, average, large), then fruits will more evenly be distributed in container. For winter storage take only healthy, mechanically not damaged and without wormholes fruits, it is obligatory with a fruit stem. Sorted yablokislazhivat in pure boxes and store in any a cool place (a cellar, a loggia, the storeroom).
Where and how to store apples
Wherever this fruit was stored, it is necessary to pay special attention to container, and also to by what they will be poured or processed. It can be the basket laid by paper or sheathed by a sacking, either wooden board or plastic boxes, but without foreign smell. The apples put in pure container, on one papered, poured by a buckwheat peel, sand, sawdust, and also processed by spirit solution of propolis (on 1 l of alcohol of 200 g of propolis) or 2% solution of chloride of calcium will lie well and long.
The crop of apples is stored:
Features of storage of a crop of apples in house conditions
In the apartment is long to store apples not simply. For this purpose it is necessary to choose the most cool place with an optimum temperature at the level of 2C and humidity about 80%. It can be well aired storeroom, a loggia or the refrigerator, but only not a living room as there temperature, rather high and unsuitable for storage, at which fruits will quickly wither and will decay. It is recommended to store large and average fruits in room conditions, small quickly fade and easily give in to diseases.
In the refrigerator
If there is an opportunity to store apples in the refrigerator, it is necessary to know that winter grades lie more long summer and autumn. A fruit of one grade put separately from another. For storage it is possible to use special trays, cardboard boxes or boxes (if the refrigerator spacious), and also plastic bags, in each of which place no more 5kg. It is necessary to provide air vents that fruits breathed in packages, differently they will quickly decay. Fruit is better stored offices of the refrigerator, where temperature 1-3C, and humidity of 85-90%. Before storage it is desirable to carry out 3-4 day thermal treatment of fruits at a high (30C) temperature. It is necessary to make it in order that fabrics of fruits were exempted from the ethylene accelerating their maturing.
In the cellar (cellar)
The cellar intended for storage of fruit has to be dry, cool (with an ideal temperature close 0C, but it is not higher than 5C), rather damp (90-95%) and well aired. Before a laying of a crop it is obligatory to whitewash it lime. It is necessary to remember that it is impossible to store apples near any vegetables, for example, carrots, beet, potatoes. At such neighbourhood fruits will develop an unpleasant starchy taste and will quicker ripen. Therefore they should be isolated as much as possible that the reaped crop with good qualitative characteristics can be kept as more long.
Apples can be packed and into strong plastic bags on 3 kg, and then to stick a twine and to suspend. If in packages to lay the fruits cooled to + 4C, at full sealing they will keep natural freshness within many months. Fruits will long lie if to wrap them in the oiled, fruit, parchment paper or to shift pure, dry sawdust or the crushed shaving.
In plastic bags on a personal plot
At such storage apples are hermetically packed in food plastic bags and dug in on 30-40 cm to the earth. The only thing that can threaten fruit in the course of storage - opportunity to freeze slightly and mice. Therefore from above packages cover with any warming means (fir twigs of coniferous trees, fallen leaves) and to protect a crop from ubiquitous rodents, on perimeter display mouse poison.
And as it is correct to gather apples, read here.
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