All know that currant demands annual cutting. Therefore the gardener having absolutely brief experience in this case safely takes secateurs and turns to work. As it is necessary, it starts cutting out underdeveloped, curve and sick branches, and also two-three summer escapes. However after cutting starts doubting: whether correctly he carried out this procedure. Big articles in which there is a lot of useful information, are very difficult for perception. In this article all rules of cutting are formulated in only 10 points that it was more convenient to remember.
Correctly we cut off a currant bush in the fall
Cutting off blackcurrant, it is necessary to remember that all fruit kidneys are stuffed up only on prirosta of the current season.
If a gain good, next year it is possible to expect also a big crop.
Currant well fructifies only the first 1-3 years. Further the crop becomes less. There is it that the bush zagushchatsya strongly, the annual gain is considerably reduced, because of that that blossoming happens on the ends of escapes.
Before landing the sapling should be cut off and planted on depth to 15 cm, having left not powdered with the soil of 3-5 kidneys. Under favorable conditions escapes up to 70-80 cm long which for the second year will blossom will grow from them and will please with the first berries.
Otplodonosivshy branches of currant need to be cut off to release space for the young.
It is necessary to control quantity of branches constantly. How many them to leave, depends generally at most a currant bush. If it weak, is enough to leave no more than 5 branches, on an average - 9-12, on strong - no more than 15.
The number of young escapes needs also to be regulated. If not to cut out superfluous, the next year berries there will be much, and a gain of a currant bush weak. Because of it future crop will be lost.
On bushes with bad (35-40 cm) an annual gain it is necessary to carry out cutting, having left up to 4-5 kidneys. You should not pursue a disposable big crop. The main objective of the gardener - to grow up the strong and healthy plant which is well fructifying every year.
Carrying out cutting of currant it is necessary to consider and high-quality features of a plant. For example, at skoroplodny (hybrid) grades of berry are formed on all length of branches, therefore a crop of the first year always the high. The next year it will be lower. What to do in this case? See item 5. On ordinary grades of berry are formed only on the top part of escapes. Next year on these bushes the zero and lateral shoots of the second order located on fructification branches below the fructifying site start growing intensively. Cutting on these bushes is carried out right after gathering berries. Delete zero and only part of branches on which there were berries.
On old (6-7 years) plants generally carry out the rejuvenating cutting. Almost completely delete old branches, leaving a little young. Next year on currant many new escapes which will need to be thinned out surely will accrue.
Now you know how to cut off currant in the fall that the following few years to receive a good harvest.
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