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We learn to do a herbarium and an album for it the hands
The word "herbarium" is translated as "herbalist". It is the collection of the dried flora samples issued in a separate album with a plant sort mention. The look, the Latin name and the description of an exhibit is specified on a reverse side of a leaf, it is desirable in printed form. However if you simply want to keep beautiful leaves for memory, it is possible not to adhere to rules. And in order that the herbarium pleased you for many years, it is necessary to learn how to collect and dry flora samples. We will also be engaged in it. Let's study today how to make a herbarium the hands. By the way, our master class will approach for the pupil of elementary school and their parents.
Of what leaves it is better to make a herbarium?
The choice of plants depends on your purposes, climatic conditions, geographic latitude and a type of your herbalist.
If you simply are fond of creation of a collection of herbs, trust in the intuition and choose those plants which most will attract with a form of the leaves your look.
In this master class leaves are presented:
How to make a herbarium the hands - the step-by-step instruction
Features of collecting plants for a herbarium:
For collecting samples you need the gerbarny folder, a ball pen, it is a lot of not necessary newspapers and a scoop in case it is necessary to dig out a plant with a root.
Collected samples should be turned accurately in a leaf of the newspaper, to put in the file and to define in the folder that they were not rumpled.
The folder for a herbarium can be bought in office shop or to make it independently of two sheets of a cardboard of the A4 or A3 format, depending on the size of leaves which you plan to collect. For this purpose you need a puncher. Between sheets of a cardboard it is necessary to insert sheets of a Whatman paper and to punch openings on the center of the folder. It is possible to fasten all this by means of a thin tape or a wire. Sideways on the file it is possible to write the name of the broken plant, a place and time of collecting a sample.
How to dry a herbarium
For drying in house conditions samples of herbs can be put between pages of thick books, previously having laid between them sheets of newspapers or unnecessary dense paper.
In order that leaves dried quicker, it is necessary to change 2 times a day paper on dry as it very quickly absorbs moisture.
In botanical laboratories the special press with metal gauzes is applied to alignment of samples. And in house conditions thick books between which it is necessary to clamp plants will approach.
In a cold season it is better to dry samples for a herbarium near the battery or a heater.
Useful tips on drying and storage of plants:
Alternative methods of drying of samples:
How to make an album for a herbarium
There are various options of registration of an album herbalist. It is possible to make it the hands from beginning to end, it is possible to issue originally inside, and it is possible to buy simply a ready album and to paste there samples.
Option 1: Album the hands
Tools for registration:
To issue a herbarium the hands, cut off a cover from the used sketchbook, or get 2 leaves of a dense cardboard of the A3 format.
Put sheets of a Whatman paper between a cardboard. Alternating a Whatman paper and a tracing-paper in an album, make openings by means of a puncher.
Issue an album cover as you will be prompted by the imagination. For example, can make an inscription "My herbarium" and draw couple of maple leaves. It is possible to fasten an album by means of a tape.
It is possible to sew samples a green thread, and it is possible to paste fish glue, narrow strips of paper, PVA glue and others.
Option 2: creative registration
It is possible to buy a ready album and creatively to issue it. For example, to experiment with leaves, displaying them in various order, and to finish a flask or a vase to them. Not to be mistaken, make a sketch a simple pencil.
Then guide drawing a marker and add seeds or leaves for end of composition.
In such look it is possible to issue all herbarium, and at you unusual pictures from leaves will turn out.
Option 3: registration in a ring folder
Registration of a herbarium in the folder with files more economically, than purchase of an album. Besides, it is always possible to trade places files and every time to bring a variety viewing of a herbarium.
Collecting leaves brings a pacification. Collecting "herbalist", you not only will spend time in the fresh air, but also learn a lot of the edge, new and interesting about plants. Choose for yourself the pleasant way and derive pleasure from creation of a herbarium for younger school or a house collection.
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