| To receive a good harvest of sweet cherry, it is necessary to look after a tree correctly. Competent and timely cutting of sweet cherry — one of pledges of the correct development of a tree and a good harvest. How it is necessary to cut off sweet cherry? |
The first cutting of sweet cherry is carried out after landing, in the early spring. However if you did not make it, it is possible to cut off sweet cherry at the end of May — the beginning of June. Usually sweet cherry saplings coevals when landing shorten up to the height of 80-100 cm (clearly that if height of a sapling is less specified, it is not necessary to shorten). For the subsequent formation of krone it is necessary to leave 4-5 skeletal branches in the lower circle, 2-3 — in the second and 2 — in the third. The distance between circles has to make 70-80 cm.
Cutting of sweet cherry will depend on extent of development of a sapling. At saplings with one-sided krone or 1-3 lateral branches it is necessary to cut all branches to 20-30 cm.
At well developed saplings (4-5 branches located in different directions and departing from the conductor more than on 45 degrees) the lowermost branch should be truncated on 50-60 cm. Escapes which are located above, need to be truncated so that they were approximately flush with lower. The central escape has to be 10-15 cm higher. The branches which are not exceeding 60 cm need to be truncated on a third or a half of length at one level.
Shortening branches, the cut is carried out on the external kidney directed on the periphery of krone; when shortening the central conductor the cut is carried out on an internal kidney.
Further cutting of sweet cherry is carried out as follows. At well created saplings delete all leaves in a zone of a shtamb in the summer. And if the sapling is developed poorly, it is possible to leave in a zone of a shtamb of a kidney for the best survival.
Then the forming cutting of sweet cherry helping to contain too intensive growth of escapes is annually carried out. Usually advise to see her in the early spring to swelling of kidneys, autumn and winter cutting of sweet cherry extremely is not recommended.
During growth prior to fructification one-year escapes shorten at one fifth lengths. Strong cutting of sweet cherry at young age reduces productivity because it provokes increase of vegetative kidneys and escapes so be not overzealous.
Usually long year prirosta shorten to length of 40-50 cm. Summer cutting of escapes on silnovetvyashchikhsya young trees helps to accelerate formation of krone and to increase productivity.
Cutting for formation of semi-skeletal branches is carried out when length of escapes reaches 70 cm. They need to be truncated on 20 cm, it is obligatory in view of a taxonomy of escapes. The escapes which are not taking part in formation of a skeleton of krone should be truncated to length of 20-30 cm of Krone shorten on height to 4-5 m, skeletal branches cut under external branch.
As for thinning, till five years sweet cherry is thinned out seldom because of weak branching. But further it is necessary to delete by all means the kroner going inside all branchings, unsuccessfully located branches. It is also necessary to delete the dry, sick and broken branches. The place of a cut should be smoothed out and processed garden putty.
Over time surely the rejuvenating cutting of sweet cherry which consists old wood for the purpose of creation of new, young krone at a distance is required. The rejuvenating cutting of sweet cherry is carried out in the spring to dry weather when positive temperature already managed to be established. If the spring cold and crude, is better to postpone the rejuvenating cutting to the beginning of summer. It is undesirable to cut off sweet cherry in the fall and in a dormant period.
At the rejuvenating cutting old 6-8 summer wood is removed. Big cuts (diameter more than one centimeter) need to be smoothed out a garden knife and to cover with the garden thief. It will help to accelerate restoration of fabrics and to prevent a plentiful current of gum to which sweet cherry is inclined.
If cutting of sweet cherry is correct and timely, your sweet cherry will please steadily you with a good harvest!