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How to look after the newborn in the first days of the house?
| When mother together with the newborn comes home, it is very important that care of the kid was organized correctly. For this purpose it is necessary to consider a set of factors. How it is correct to look after the newborn in the first days of the house?|
First, temperature, humidity, lighting and, of course, purity of the room in which there is a newborn, have to be optimum. For this purpose it is necessary to carry out at least twice a day damp cleaning, to air the room of 5-7 times for 15-20 minutes, to maintain constant temperature near 20-22°С. Besides, in the room there should not be too bright light, loud sounds.
The bed of the baby should be placed so that it did not get under direct sunshine, but also was not in an intensive shadow. In a bed of the child do not put a pillow, and instead of it use a head restraint 2-3 cm high or choose a bed with the raised part for the head of the kid. Near a bed it is possible to put a pelenalny little table if mother plans to swaddle the child.
Clothes and linen of the newborn have to be made only of natural soft fabrics (x/, flax), without rough seams. Things of the baby have to be washed easily. Before dressing the kid or to lay to him a bed, all things should be washed and boiled well. Within the first month it is necessary to iron the newborn's things the hot iron from both parties.
The clothes should not constrain freedom of movements of the kid, have to prevent overcooling or overheating of a children's organism. If constant temperature 20-22°С is maintained in the room, the head of the baby can be not covered. It is necessary to erase and store clothes of the newborn separately from "adult" things.
Health of the newborn demands the extremely attentive and careful attitude. Experts recommend to get the following preparations and tools for the children's first-aid kit:
It is better to store all these subjects in a separate place so that they always were near at hand.
By the time of an extract from maternity hospital an umbilical wound of the newborn usually already dry and it it is possible to bathe. If the wound which still is "becoming wet", it is impossible to bathe the kid still. The nurse has to visit the newborn and carry out processing of an umbilical wound of 2-3% hydrogen peroxide solution, alcohol, and then potassium permanganate (it is possible also brilliant green). All operations are performed only by sterile dressing (cotton wool, bandage, napkins, wadded tampons).
The daily toilet of the newborn should be carried out in the morning, before the first or second feeding. Begin procedures with washing of the face of the newborn under a stream of warm boiled water. Eyes of the child wipe the sterile wadded tampon moistened in warm water. The direction of movements – from external corners of eyes to internal. It is impossible to wipe the same tampon an eye several times. The nose of the baby is cleared by means of wadded zhgutik which are moistened in sterile vegetable or vaseline oil. The movements have to be careful not to injure a gentle mucous membrane of a children's nose.
The mouth of the healthy kid does not need processing. If the newborn has a milkwoman, 2% are recommended to moisten with solution of baking soda a mucous membrane of a mouth (1 tsp on 1 St of boiled warm water). It is necessary to repeat this procedure each 2-3 hours, before feeding of the child.
For clarification of ears of the newborn it is impossible to use firm sticks or other firm subjects by no means. Acoustical passes carefully wipe soft wadded zhgutika, and auricles rub off a damp soft napkin. That behind ears of the newborn an intertrigo was not formed, it is necessary to grease after washing and drying folds behind ears vaseline or vegetable oil.
It is necessary to watch closely those sites of a body of the kid on which an intertrigo is most often formed very much: folds behind ears, cervical, axillary and inguinal areas. It is necessary to process the child's skin on these sites especially carefully and carefully sterile vegetable oil (or vaseline).
It is necessary to wash away the child after an urination and after a chair children's soap under flowing water. Girls it is necessary to wash away in the direction from sexual ways to avoidance of hit of an infection. As it is correct to bathe the newborn you can learn from this article.
On walk it is possible to leave with the newborn from the first day after an extract maternity hospital if the kid was born in the summer, and from 2-3 week age – if in the fall or in the winter. In winter time the first walk of the newborn has to be made at a temperature not below -5°С. Duration of the first walk – 10-15 minutes. After walk last half an hour-hour on 2 times a day. On achievement of monthly age the kid has to be in the fresh air not less than 1,5 hours a day. In cold weather it is possible to walk with the kid on 20-30 minutes, but is more often.
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