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As shot the movie "Interstellar"
Many of those who watched the movie, noted that it very deep and even in places difficult - it wants to reconsider several times to penetrate into artful designs of a plot and once again to take pleasure in tremendous special effects. "Interstellar" - the first Hollywood movie which authentically shows our Universe: everything, including appearance of a black hole of Gargantyua, travel through a wormhole and even calculations of researchers of other planets which to steam of seconds flash in a shot, is based on pure physics. Kip Thorn - the physicist-theorist who all the life pursues science. He spent sleepless nights behind the mathematical equations which helped to make the movie reliable. And if also there were some liberties - nevertheless the art of the film gives vent to the imagination of the director, - that they did not contradict modern knowledge in any way.
Birth of a fantasy and Stephen Spielberg
It is impossible to make a fantasy interesting if not to allow an invention and imagination to bring the contribution in common cause. For this reason the considerable part of the scientific contents of the movie is on border of human knowledge, and sometimes at all for it takes up. And still scientific truth is interwoven into fabric of a narration of "Interstellar" very closely.
Everything began quite prosy: The kip to Thorn was called by his old girlfriend Linda Obst, having asked it to help with one idea. In October, 2005 at supper Linda told that conceived the sci-fi movie and she needs the help of the person who knows physics, for sure. It is necessary to tell that Kip Thorn already more than half a century in science so it approached as well as possible. Approximately in four months Kip and Linda outlined a movie plot where there were black holes, wormholes, gravitation, the fifth measurement of the Universe and contacts with beings from another dimensions. They sent draft version of the scenario to Stephen Spielberg through his agent. What was their surprise when the master became interested in idea!
The black hole rotating with a huge speed (at the left) and a star field against which it moves (on the right). An illustration from the book "Interstellar. Science off-screen"
A month later at a meeting with Spielberg of Piles Thorn also suggested to adhere to two rules - thanks to it the movie turned out such what is:
However so it happened that Stephen Spielberg did not finish the project, and the destiny of this remarkable picture hung long time by a thread.
As special effects were created
Kip Thorn carried out mathematical calculations which helped to understand how actually the black hole and other space objects shown in "Interstellar" has to look. It is necessary to tell, it was hard even for such venerable scientist as Thorn. Some months without prodykha he struggled with the equations describing space near wormholes and black holes. Then it loaded them into computer Mathematica system and sent to the chief programmer who turned received in difficult programs for generation of IMAX graphics (visual effects of IMAX differ in ultrahigh quality). And that turned out in these programs, helped artists to finish work on special effects - to create the real beauty.
Black hole of Gargantyua which is observed from the spaceship by astronauts before decrease to the planet Miller. An illustration from the book "Interstellar. Science off-screen"
Appearance of a black hole
Surprisingly, but, knowing the weight and speed of rotation of a black hole, scientists-physicists can calculate anything: its size, forces of a gravitational attraction as far as will extend its horizon... It does not have analogs in usual life: we cannot, knowing the weight of the person and speed of his walking, to learn, what at it color of eyes and hair, length of a nose and intelligence quotient. Such amazing thing in science is possible thanks to that Albert Einstein developed really brilliant theory - the theory of relativity. Now we will pass to how can look real, vsamdelishny black. hole. Let's begin here with what: the black hole bends space near itself. Imagine a hammock or a children's trampoline on which the heavy toy lies, - approximately in such look and sushchestvt the bent space. Rays of light from the stars which are nearby too are bent and move round a hole (together with space) - something turns out like a lens or a curve mirror. For this reason such beautiful light pattern turns out.
The scheme of formation of a star pattern round a black hole. An illustration from the book "Interstellar. Science off-screen"
Explosion model in an orbit
In the movie there is a scene when doctor Mann (the scientist alone living on other planet and studying it from the point of view of suitability for colonization), trying to escape from the space captivity, involuntarily makes explosion by the Endyurans spaceship. The ship had to sustain serious gravitation and non-staff situations - the director so conceived. For this reason it was decided to design it in the form of a ring from several modules. And, it is necessary to tell, this decision was not wrong. Explosion does not destroy a spaceship but only only damages two modules and forces a ring to be opened and rotate with a huge speed. However engineers provided also it so the ship remains in working order.
At the left: explosion on "Endyurans", above - the landing module, below - Mann's planet. On the right: "Endyurans" damaged by explosion. An illustration from the book "Interstellar. Science off-screen"
Adhered to the principle of reliability in all that it could not be reflected in explosion. It was not modelled, by the way, on the computer, and done on the real set. Only cinema-men know, what efforts it costed: all the matter is that in space, first, explosions are silent - oxygen is not present, so there is no place to extend to sound waves, and secondly, for the same reason the flame has to go out quickly, almost instantly. As it managed to be realized here, on our Earth where it is full of oxygen, - a riddle.
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