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Where and when to gather mushrooms in Moscow area
It is quite difficult to foresee a concrete place where it will be possible to reap a rich crop of mushrooms. However the skilled fan of "silent hunting" knows, this or that copy likes to grow in which district and in what conditions. And then he should not beat about the bush in hope to find though something. So, where it is necessary to gather mushrooms and when to do it?
Where to gather mushrooms
Searches should be conducted slowly, looking under each bush. The best time to gather mushrooms - before sunrise, and then it is necessary to try simply that sunshine did not arrest attention. The general rule of collecting mushrooms says that they need to be looked for in friable, sated with humus, the soil which is moderately humidified. However not everyone can be found in such places, some of them differ in individual habitat. So, for example, cepes (and boletuses) most often can be found in the old woods, about age oaks, birches, pines and lindens. Therefore silly to look for them among green young growth of small groves and landings. It is necessary to look narrowly to forest, well lit, to glades, with seldom growing trees.
Aspen mushrooms can be found near aspens, however they grow and under other trees. Also is not famous for the konspirativnost birch mushrooms which numerous groups grow in birchwoods. Thus in the lowlands rich with moisture, they more a massivna. And where to gather boletus mushrooms and saffron milk caps? They are not attached to features of the surrounding nature and can grow in large numbers, both in landings, and in the woods. For example, in Moscow area they can be found in Ramensky district and vicinities of Sergiev Posad.
Having noticed the district with numerous cuts from fruit bodies, surely remember it for the following time. Quite often suffer a question: how it is correct to take mushrooms from the earth? Tubular types should be cut off or unscrewed, and lamellar - to break, break. It is possible and pull out a mushroom - after all danger of violation of the top nutritious layer is not proved, sometimes mushrooms grow in the soil which is exposed to regular loosening (near forest roads, brushwood burning places, etc.) better.
When to gather mushrooms
A mushroom variety can please the fan of "silent hunting" from the middle of May to the late fall. But it should be taken into account that growth of mushrooms is influenced by a set of natural factors - not without reason in the people about it a large number of various signs is put. So, for example, at too big rainfall fall and in the winter, you should not look for in the early spring morels. In general, it is possible to wait for the first crops of mushrooms after sufficient warming up of the soil, before the first emergence of a fresh grass (approximately till 10 days). During this period slippery jacks, aspen mushrooms, birch mushrooms and meadow honey agarics start fructifying.
After that there comes a certain calm, and the nature receives necessary moisture for growth in the form of spring rains, and fans of "silent hunting" look for less crowded places where it is possible to gather mushrooms in the pleasure at this time. The summer is rich in a mushroom crop: in June it is possible to find russulas, mossiness mushrooms and podgruzdka, in July it is possible to find slippery jacks and birch mushrooms, but only on condition of good rains. The next period of big mushroom collecting comes in the second half of August and can last about three weeks, and even month. And it is considered the most fertile, after all it is possible to find aspen mushrooms, russulas, slippery jacks, birch mushrooms, boletuses, chanterelles, milk mushrooms and saffron milk caps in the woods at this time, also at this time the wood is rich also with berries. One of national signs when it is necessary to gather mushrooms, during that time period emergence of the first strong fogs and yellow leaves on birches is.
Gradual decrease in average daily temperature and leaf fall does not mean at all that the mushroom season is ended: at this time it is good to look for "autumn" honey agarics. They like to grow big colonies, and therefore everyone who will find them, will be able quickly to load the brought basket to a dump for once. And what mushroom picker does not want to receive in a photo collection with the reaped crop? At this time they should be looked for on trunks of the tumbled-down trees or foozles.
But even with arrival of the first autumn morning frosts you should not despair to find mushrooms. In the woods it is possible to find oyster mushrooms which can be met often in the markets and in shops (them grow up in special greenhouses). Because of a grouping of the growth it is possible to reap a rich crop quickly. Further, after approach of frosts and the first snow, approximately in November, it is possible to try to look for "winter" honey agarics in the wood. Where to gather these mushrooms? They can be found in crevices and hollows of trees, they are edible, though do not enjoy wide popularity among skilled mushroom pickers.
Following the stated advice, you will never ask a question, where and when to gather mushrooms. And it means that you will be able always to brag to friends or colleagues results (a photo or ready dishes) results of the of "silent hunting". But remember about precautionary measures, break or cut off only edible fungi of which you are absolutely sure.
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