Enemies of a garden and kitchen garden: the most widespread wreckers of cultural plants
In a garden expanse for many living beings among whom there are both useful small animals and insects, and malicious wreckers of plants. If on a site only environmentally friendly means are applied and rules of organic agriculture are followed, also ecological equilibrium is established there. Insects, useful to a garden, constrain reproduction of wreckers and those cannot cause to plants essential damage. About the most widespread enemies of cultural plants the speech in our today's article will also go.
Main wreckers of a garden and kitchen garden
Let's begin with the most known - plant louses and pincers. They exhaust juice from leaves and young escapes that leads to plant exhaustion. The damaged leaves are deformed, escapes stop in growth. Plant louses breed extraordinary quickly - during the summer 17 generations develop. In the absence of natural enemies they quickly form the huge colonies which are densely covering tops of stalks.
Web pincers very small, them it is difficult to see. To understand that the plant was attacked by this wrecker it is possible on the thin web covering the lower party of leaves. Fortunately, these wreckers have many natural enemies. Ladybugs together with the larvae, lacewings, wasps, predatory bugs destroy them in large quantities.
Especially different types a scoop are dangerous to a garden and a kitchen garden of a caterpillar. They are very gluttonous. For example, only one scoop can destroy quickly some plants in a kitchen garden. These gray, ordinary-looking caterpillars hide in the soil in the afternoon, creeping out at night. Listovertka, caterpillars of an annulate silkworm, a plodozhorka and many others work great mischief. Their natural enemies - birds, wasps, frogs, lizards, ground beetles will help to fight with them. Larvae of various bugs - a provolochnik, a May cockchafer are also dangerous. They podgryzat roots of plants. It is difficult to fight with them as they live in the soil. For cleaning of the site infected with a provolochnik it is recommended to sow some years on it haricot or peas. Provolochnik parasitizing on roots of a plant will be lost if to water at the roots strong (5 grams on 10 liters of water) with solution of margantsovo-sour potassium.
Slugs and snails also cause huge damage, destroying seedling of cabbage, salads, ornamental plants. Toads, frogs, hedgehogs, lizards, shrews will easily cope with them. Is effective also old, as the world, a way of fight against them - manual collecting.
Friends of a garden and kitchen garden: useful insects and animals
All malicious wreckers serve as food to birds, small mammals, amphibious and insect who can lodge on a site, giving invaluable help in maintenance on it ecological equilibrium. Some of these creations are so small and imperceptible that we do not even guess their existence. Others, such as frogs and toads, cause fastidiousness. But, knowing, what benefit is brought by these beings, it is necessary to try to look at them other eyes and at least not to disturb them. And it is even better to create favorable conditions for their life and reproduction.
For example, birds - the tireless toilers destroying the whole hordes of insects. Even usual, all a familiar sparrow - a bird useful. During the summer the family of sparrows removes 2–3 broods. Being omnivorous, the posterity the sparrow brings up only insects, including harmful to a garden. Besides, it is possible to hang out in a garden nesting boxes and sinichnik. Titmouses are extremely useful as, remaining in a garden for the winter, they continue the work on clarification of a garden from the trees of wreckers wintering under bark. It is very good to land on site perimeter green hedges from trees and bushes where birds will be able suit nests and to grow up baby birds.
The huge benefit to a garden is brought by the amphibious - nimble frogs and clumsy toads. Many do not love them, and in vain. These animal real toilers. They are of special value for a garden because hunt also at night when birds sleep. Namely at night many wreckers, for example, of a caterpillar scoops creep out of the day shelters. In general, menu of toads and frogs quite variously: they eat slugs, provolochnik, weevils, a medvedok, caterpillars and even larvae of the Colorado beetle. Scientists counted that during the summer one frog eats about 1300 wreckers.
Unfortunately, economic activity of the person led to considerable reduction of population of frogs and toads. That these beings comfortably felt, it is necessary to arrange for them special corners where leaves of the plants which are close planted to each other, form a crude, cool shadow. If there is even a small reservoir with flat coast, this amphibious for a long time will locate in your garden.
Bugs, for example, also conduct the different types of predatory bugs living in gardens imperceptible for us, but continued fight against various wreckers. Black, with powerful jaws the ground beetle comes for hunting at night. Caterpillars a scoop, provolochnik, snails and slugs become its victims. Ground beetles that eat larvae of the Colorado beetle which have not enough enemies are especially valuable. Do not lag behind the parents and a larva. They destroy a great number of insects, willingly regale on eggs of snails.
Before all predatory bugs and spiders waken in the spring. Little and big spiders hunt on insects. Bugs, as well as their larvae, differ in enviable appetite. They eat a listovertok, plant louses, deaf adders, and also their eggs. However their favourite delicacy - fruit pincers and their eggs.
Bugs and their larvae freely feel in gardens where there are lawns which are densely set with perennials. They will like stony hills, thickets of pochvopokrovny plants, and the old mossy stub will serve as an ideal place for wintering of bugs. The gardener can help the little helpers, having put a pile a tile in a shady place, for example, at a shed wall that they could find shelter there.
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